17th March, 2018-IAS Current Affairs
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(GS2: Parliament and state legislatures-Structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers and privileges and issues arising out of these)
Issue: The Telugu Desam Party (TDP) moved a no-confidence motion against the government in the Lok Sabha today, hours after party president N Chandrababu Naidu announced in Amaravati that the party was exiting the National Democratic Alliance.
What is a No-confidence motion?
The Constitution does not mention either a confidence motion or a no-confidence motion. Article 75 does specify that the council of ministers shall be collectively responsible to the House of the People. This implies that the majority of Lok Sabha MPs must not be against the prime minister and his cabinet.
Article 118 of the Constitution permits each house of Parliament to make its own rules for conduct of business. Rule 198 of the Lok Sabha specifies the procedure for a motion of no-confidence.
Any member may give a written notice; the speaker shall read the motion of no-confidence in the House and ask all those persons to rise who favor that the motion be taken up.
If there are 50 MPs in favor, the speaker allots a date for discussing the motion.
Procedure of passing No-confidence motion
In India, a Motion of No Confidence can be introduced only in the Lok Sabha which is the lower house of the Parliament of India.
The motion is admitted for discussion when a minimum of fifty members of the house support the motion.
If the motion carries, the house debates and votes on the motion.
If a majority of the members of the house vote in favour of the motion, the motion is passed and the Government is bound to vacate the office.
Council of Ministers is collectively responsible to Lok Sabha and it remains in office till it enjoys confidence of majority of the members in Lok Sabha. Thus, a motion of no-confidence is moved to remove the council of ministers and thus oust the government from office.
(GS3: Conservation of Environment)
Issue: The Union government told the Supreme Court on Friday that it will not touch the Ram Sethu, an underwater coral formation in the Indian Ocean referred in mythology Ramayana, for the implementation of the Sethusamudram Ship Channel Project. The government said cutting a route through the Ram Sethu, also known as Adam’s Bridge, would be a cause of “socio-economic disadvantage”.
About the project:
Sethusamudram Shipping Canal is a proposed project to create a shipping route in the shallow straits between India and Sri Lanka. This would provide a continuously navigable sea route around the Indian Peninsula. The channel would be dredged in the Sethusamudram sea between Tamil Nadu and Sri Lanka, passing through the limestone shoals of Adam’s Bridge (also known as Rama’s Bridge, Ram Sethu and Ramar Palam
The proposed route through the shoals of Adam’s Bridge is opposed by some groups on religious, environmental and economical grounds. The project involved digging a 44.9-nautical-mile (51.7 mi; 83.2 km) long deepwater channel linking the shallow Palk Strait with the Gulf of Mannar.
In oceanography, geomorphology, and earth sciences, a shoal is a natural submerged ridge, bank, or bar that consists of, or is covered by, sand or other unconsolidated material, and rises from the bed of a body of water to near the surface. Often it refers to those submerged ridges, banks, or bars that rise near enough to the surface of a body of water as to constitute a danger to navigation. Shoals are also known as sandbanks, sandbars, or gravelbars. Two or more shoals that are either separated by shared troughs or interconnected by past and/or present sedimentary and hydrographic processes are referred to as a shoal complex.
The term shoal is also used in a number of ways that can be either similar or quite different from how it is used in the geologic, geomorphic, and oceanographic literature. Sometimes, this terms refers to either (1) any relatively shallow place in a stream, lake, sea, or other body of water; (2) a rocky area on the sea floor within an area mapped for navigation purposes; (3) a growth of vegetation on the bottom of a deep lake that occurs at any depth; (4) and as a verb for the process of proceeding from a greater to a lesser depth of water.
‘New Water strider species’
(GS3: Conservation of Environment)
Issue: Scientists from the Zoological Survey of India (ZSI) have discovered a new species of water strider from Nagaland. The species, named Ptilomera nagalanda Jehamalar and Chandra, was found in the river Intanki, Peren district.
About Water Strider
Water striders are a group of insects adapted to life on the surface of water, using surface tension to their advantage. Scientists working on the water striders say that their presence serves as an indicator water of water quality and they are found on water surface. So far, only five species of water striders under the subgenus Ptilomera were known in India.
‘Rural Electrification Corporation’
Issue: State-run Rural Electrification Corporation Ltd (REC) has launched an issue of USD 300 million (Rs 1,949 crore) through 10-year dollar-denominated bonds that carry an interest of 4.625 per cent. REC said the funds would be used to finance projects in India’s power infrastructure sector.
REC came into being in 1969 to articulate a response to the pressing exigencies of the nation. During the time of severe drought, the leaders sought to reduce the dependency of agriculture on monsoons by energizing agricultural pump-sets for optimized irrigation. Thereafter, REC has ventured into newer paths and expanded our horizons to emerge today, as a leader in providing financial assistance to the power sector in all segments, be it Generation, Transmission or Distribution.
As a Navratna company under the administrative control of the Ministry of Power, REC has been rated ‘Excellent’ in terms of the MoUs signed with the Government for 22 consecutive years. REC does business with market borrowings of various maturities, including bonds and term loans apart from foreign borrowings, on their own. Domestically, REC holds the highest credit ratings from CRISIL, ICRA, IRRPL and CARE and internationally they are rated at par with the sovereign ratings.
Government schemes implemented by REC
1. Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana
The Government of India has launched the scheme “Deendayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana” for rural electrification. The erstwhile Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojana (RGGVY) scheme for village electrification and providing electricity distribution infrastructure in the rural areas has been subsumed in the DDUGJY scheme. Rural Electrification Corporation is the Nodal Agency for implementation of DDUGJY. Under DDUGJY-RE, Ministry of Power has sanctioned 921 projects to electrify 1,21,225 un-electrified villages, intensive electrification of 5,92,979 partially electrified villages and provide free electricity connections to 397.45 lakh BPL rural households.
2. “24 x 7 POWER FOR ALL” PROGRAM (A JOINT INITIATIVE OF CENTRAL GOVT. & STATE GOVERNMENTS)
Electricity consumption is one of the most important indices that decides the development level of a nation. It is the key ingredient for accelerated economic growth and is considered vital for nation’s overall development. Providing reliable and quality power supply in an efficient manner is an immediate requirement of the day. There is consistent growth in electricity demand due to increase in customer base, changes in lifestyle and consumption pattern which requires continual reinforcement and creation of new electricity infrastructure in Generation, Transmission and Distribution sectors to meet the consumer expectations.
This program is joint initiative of Government of India with all States and Union Territories (UTs) to facilitate 24 x 7 power for all by 2019.
- Reliable 24×7 supply to domestic, industrial and other consumers
- Adequate power supply to agricultural consumers
- To provide access to electricity to all unconnected households in next five years i.e. by FY 2018-19
To meet the above objectives, state specific roadmap for Power For All have been finalized in consultation with the states in the form of PFA documents. The PFA document covers:
- Generation: To ensure adequate capacity addition planning & tie ups for power from various sources at affordable price to meet the projected increase in power demand for future.
- Transmission: Strengthen the Transmission (Inter-state / Intra-state) network to cater to the expected growth in demand of existing as well as forthcoming consumers.
- Distribution: Providing access to all household along with creation of new distribution network or strengthening of existing infrastructure.
- Financial Viability: Financial measures including optimizing investments and undertaking necessary balance sheet restructuring measures to ensure liquidity in the utility finances.To ensure reduction of AT & C losses as per the agreed loss reduction trajectory.
- Renewable Energy: Plan for enhancement of renewable energy sources along with associated evacuation system (Green Energy Corridor).
- Energy Efficiency: Adoption of various energy efficiency measures like replacement with energy efficient agriculture pumps, encouraging use of LED bulbs, solar street lights etc.
All 29 States and 7 Union Territories have signed these roadmap documents to achieve the target of providing reliable, affordable and quality power to the consumers by 2018-19.
3. Pradhan Mantri Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar Yojana–“Saubhagya”
Pradhan Mantri Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar Yojana – ‘Saubhagya’ a new scheme was launched by the Hon’ble Prime Minister on 25th September 2017. Under Saubhagya free electricity connections to all households (both APL and poor families) in rural areas and poor families in urban areas will be provided. There are around 4 Crore un-electrified households in the country and they are targeted for providing electricity connections by December 2018. Rural Electrification Corporation (REC) has been designated as its nodal agency for the Saubhagya scheme.
Under the Saubhagya scheme, DISCOMs will also organize camps in villages/cluster of villages to facilitate on-the-spot filling up of application forms including release of electricity connections to households. DISCOMs/Power Department will also adopt innovative mechanism through dedicated web-portal/Mobile App for collection/consolidation of application form in electronic mode and also capturing process of release of electricity connections.
Scope of the Scheme:
- Providing last mile connectivity and electricity connections to all un-electrified households in rural areas.
- Providing Solar Photovoltaic (SPV) based standalone system for un-electrified households located in remote and inaccessible villages/habitations, where grid extension is not feasible or cost-effective.
- Providing last mile connectivity and electricity connections to all remaining economically poor un-electrified households in urban areas. Non-poor urban households are excluded from this scheme.
Salient Features of Saubhagya are:
- All DISCOMs including Private Sector DISCOMs, State Power Departments and RE Cooperative Societies shall be eligible for financial assistance under the scheme in line with DDUGJY.
- The prospective beneficiary households for free electricity connections under the scheme would be identified using SECC 2011 data. However, un-electrified households not covered under SECC data would also be provided electricity connections under the scheme on payment of Rs. 500 which shall be recovered by DISCOMs in 10 installments through electricity bill.
- The electricity connections to un-electrified households include provision of service line cable, energy meter including pre-paid/smart meter, single point wiring. LED lamps and associated accessories in line with technical specifications and construction standard.
- In case of un-electrified households located in remote and inaccessible areas, power packs of 200 to 300 Wp(with battery bank) with a maximum of 5 LED lights, 1 DC Fan, 1 DC power plug etc. may be provided along with the provision of Repair and Maintenance (R&M) for 5 years.
- The details of consumers viz, Name and Aadhar number/ Mobile number/ Bank account/ Driving License/Voter ID etc., as available would be collected by the DISCOMs.
- The defaulters whose connections have been disconnected should not be given benefit of the scheme. However, the utilities may consider settlement of old dues and reconnection as per norms.
4. National Electricity Fund
The Government of India has approved the NEF (Interest Subsidy) Scheme to promote capital investment in the distribution sector by providing interest subsidy, linked with reform measures, on the loans taken by public and private power utilities for various capital works under Distribution projects. This scheme shall be applicable in the entire country and all the works except the works covered under & R-APDRP projects (to ensure non-duplication and non-overlapping of grant/subsidy towards investment). NEF Scheme has the provision to provide interest subsidy and other charges aggregating to Rs.8,466 crore for a period of 14 years on loans availed by distribution utilities in both public and private sector.
State DISCOMs in the country have huge accumulated losses and outstanding debt. Financially stressed DISCOMs are not able to supply adequate power at affordable rates, which hampers quality of life and overall economic growth and development. Efforts towards 100% village electrification, 24X7 power supply and clean energy cannot be achieved without performing DISCOMs. Power outages also adversely affect national priorities like “Make in India” and “Digital India. In addition, default on bank loans by financially stressed DISCOMS has the potential to seriously impact the banking sector and the economy at large.
To improve the situation, a Scheme “UDAY” (Ujwal DISCOM Assurance Yojana) for financial turnaround of Power Distribution Companies has been formulated and launched by the Government on 20th November, 2015 in consultation with the various stakeholders for the financial and operational turnaround of DISCOMs and to ensure a sustainable permanent solution to the problem. The scheme UDAY envisages reform measures in all sectors- generation, transmission, distribution, coal, and energy efficiency.
The Highlights of the Scheme UDAY are as follows:
- The scheme has been formulated and launched for a sustainable financial and operational turnaround of DISCOMs; provides permanent solutions to legacy debts of approximately Rs. 4.3 lakh crores (by FY 2014-15) and address potential future losses.
- Empowers DISCOMs with the opportunity to break even in the next 2-3 years through four initiatives.
- Operational efficiency improvements viz. compulsory smart metering, up-gradation of transformers, meters etc., energy efficiency measures like efficient LED bulbs, agricultural pumps, fans & air-conditioners etc. to reduce the average AT&C loss from around 22% to 15%; Elimination of the gap between ACS and ARR by 2018-19.
- Reduction in cost of power through measures such as increased supply of cheaper domestic coal, coal linkage rationalization, liberal coal swaps from inefficient to efficient plants, coal price rationalization based on GCV, supply of washed and crushed coal, and faster completion of transmission lines.
(GS3: Mobilization of resources)
Issue: The government’s task force on shell companies has recommended that enforcement agencies and regulators identify and conduct an inquiry against Indian companies having subsidiaries in tax havens such as Delaware (US), Luxembourg, Panama, Mauritius and Ireland.
The task force, set up in July 2017, has listed 14 parameters for identification of potential shell companies and suggested launching probes against them.
Some of the parameters provided are:
1. Shell firms, according to this panel, have disproportionate investments, debt, advances or cash.
2. If its reserves and surpluses are five times or more than the turnover, or if its fixed assets are five times or more of turnover. Red flags will also be raised if any of these — cash, investments, debt, advances, or total liabilities — is more than five times the turnover.
3. If 75 per cent of the share capital of a company is held by private limited companies, or if it has not submitted statutory annual filings for two years or more, such companies will face scrutiny. If more than 10 companies are registered at the same office and at least half of them have common directors, or if the company has changed half of its directors in last two years, such firms should also be scrutinized.
What are Tax Havens?
A tax haven is a country that offers foreign individuals and businesses a minimal tax liability in a politically and economically stable environment, with little or no financial information shared with foreign tax authorities. Tax havens do not require individuals to reside in or businesses to operate out of their countries to benefit from local tax policies. Due to the globalization of business operations, an increasing number of U.S. corporations, including Microsoft, Apple and Alphabet, are keeping cash in offshore tax havens to minimize corporate taxes.
Tax haven status benefits the host country as well as the companies and individuals maintaining accounts in them. Tax haven countries benefit by drawing capital to their banks and financial institutions, which can form the foundation of a thriving financial sector. Individuals and corporations benefit through tax savings resulting from tax rates ranging from zero to the low single digits versus relatively high taxes in their countries of citizenship or domicile.
The list of tax haven countries includes Andorra, the Bahamas, Belize, Bermuda, the British Virgin Islands, the Cayman Islands, the Channel Islands, the Cook Islands, Hong Kong, The Isle of Man, Mauritius, Lichtenstein, Monaco, Panama, and St. Kitts and Nevis.
(GS3: Achievements of Indians in Science and Technology)
Issue: Tributes poured in for Kalpana Chawla as India celebrates the 56th birth anniversary of the first Indian-origin woman who traveled to space.
The first Indian-origin woman in space lost her life along with six other astronauts on February 1, 2003. The NASA astronauts’ space shuttle disintegrated during its re-entry into the atmosphere as the craft burst into flames 16 minutes before it was scheduled to land at Kennedy Space Centre in Florida.
(GS2: Issues related to health)
Issue: Pentavalent vaccine (PV),that was introduced by India a little over six years ago, doubled the deaths of children soon after vaccination compared to the DPT (Diphtheria-Pertussis-Tetanus) vaccine, according to a new study that calls for a “rigorous review of the deaths following vaccination with PV”.
PV is a combination of the DPT vaccine and two more vaccines against Haemophilus influenza type B (Hib) and hepatitis B. Starting December 2011, PV was introduced into India’s immunization programme to replace DPT vaccine in a staged manner with a view to adding protection against Hib and Hepatitis B without increasing the number of injections given to infants.
‘Indian Science Congress 2018’
(Facts that can be asked in prelims)
Issue: This congress will focus on translational science for promoting affordable sustainable innovation. During the five days, thrust will be given on various science disciplines, which has reached to the society. In a way, discussions will be on science for all, Science and Technology Fostering Inclusive Societal Development and Science & Society: Bridging the Gap through Innovations. A technology based start-up conclave also will be showcased inviting the top class innovators and entrepreneurial researchers.
‘Coal Bed Methane’
Issue: Coal India Limited (CIL) has taken initiatives to undertake the work of extraction of Coal Bed Methane (CBM) from its mining leasehold areas.
Coalbed Methane (CBM), an unconventional source of natural gas is now considered as an alternative source for augmenting India’s energy resource. India has the fifth largest proven coal reserves in the world and thus holds significant prospects for exploration and exploitation of CBM. The prognosticated CBM resources in the country are about 92 TCF (2600 BCM) in 12 states of India. In order to harness CBM potential in the country, the Government of India formulated CBM policy in 1997 wherein CBM being Natural Gas is explored and exploited under the provisions of OIL Fields (Regulation & Development) Act 1948 (ORD Act 1948) and Petroleum & Natural Gas Rules 1959 (P&NG Rules 1959) administered by Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas (MOP&NG).
The Gondwana sediments of eastern India host the bulk of India’s coal reserves and all the current CBM producing blocks. The vast majority of the best prospective areas for CBM development are in eastern India, situated in Damodar Koel valley and Son valley. CBM projects exist in Raniganj South, Raniganj East and Raniganj North areas in the Raniganj coalfield, the Parbatpur block in Jharia coalfield and the East and west Bokaro coalfields. Son valley includes the Sonhat North and Sohagpur East and West blocks. Currently, commercial production has commenced from Raniganj South CBM block operated by M/s. GEECL since July 2007.
Current CBM production (March 2015) is around 0.77 MMSCMD from 5 CBM blocks which includes test gas production from 4 CBM blocks and commercial production from 1 CBM block. Seven more CBM blocks are expected to start commercial production in near future. The total CBM production is expected to be around 4MMSCMD by end of 12th plan as per XII plan document.
‘India and Asian Development Bank’
(GS2: Multilateral agencies)
Issue: Government of India and the Asian Development Bank (ADB) today signed a $120 million loan agreement for completion of works for double-tracking and electrification of railways tracks along high-density corridors to improve operational efficiency of Indian railways.
The Asian Development Bank was conceived in the early 1960s as a financial institution that would be Asian in character and foster economic growth and cooperation in one of the poorest regions in the world.
A resolution passed at the first Ministerial Conference on Asian Economic Cooperation held by the United Nations Economic Commission for Asia and the Far East in 1963 set that vision on the way to becoming reality.
The Philippines capital of Manila was chosen to host the new institution, which opened on 19 December 1966, with 31 members that came together to serve a predominantly agricultural region. Takeshi Watanabe was ADB’s first President.
During the 1960s, ADB focused much of its assistance on food production and rural development. India is also a member of ADB
‘Non-Communicable diseases due to packaged food’
(GS2: Issues related to health)
Issue: Excessive intake of sugar, sodium and trans fats is the risk factor of Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs). As informed by Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), per capita consumption of packaged items in India is low as compared to countries such as United State of America.
Actions taken by the government to fight this challenge
Government of India is implementing National Programme for Prevention and Control of Cancer, Diabetes, Cardiovascular Diseases and Stroke (NPCDCS) in all the States/UTs under National Health Mission (NHM). The objectives of the programme include inter alia awareness generation on healthy diet.
For early diagnosis, population based prevention, control and screening for common NCDs such as diabetes, hypertension and common cancer viz. oral, breast & cervical has been initiated by Government by utilizing the services of the frontline-workers and health-workers under existing Primary Healthcare System. This process will also generate awareness on healthy diet and risk factors of common NCDs.
To address the issue of High Fat, Sugar and Salt (HFSS) in food and associated health risks, the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) constituted an Expert Group. FSSAI has issued draft Guidelines titled ‘Guidelines for making available Wholesome, Nutritious, Safe and Hygienic Food to School Children in India’.
FSSAI has also undertaken initiatives to ensure delivery of safe, nutritious and healthy food for all citizens by an integrated approach through its Safe and Nutritious Food (SNF) campaign, covering home, school, work place and eating out. Under these initiatives, FSSAI is bringing out different series of booklets/pamphlets/flyers for consumer education and awareness. The school teachers are being trained to promote healthy diets among school children.
“TB control programme in India”
(GS2: Issues related to Health)
Issue: As per the Global report 2017 of the World Health Organisation (WHO), India accounts for 1,47,000 estimated MDR-RR cases which is 24% of the Global cases.
Actions taken by the government to combat this situation
The Government launched the National Strategic Plan (NSP) to control cases of Tuberculosis in the country during the period 2012-2017. The key components of the NSP (2012-2017) are:
- Strengthening and improving the quality of basic DOTS services.
- Deploying improved rapid diagnostics to the field level
- Expanding efforts to engage all care providers
- Expanding diagnosis and treatment of drug resistant TB cases
- Improving communication, outreach and social mobilization.
- Promoting research for development and implementation of improved tools and strategies.
- Utilizing Information Communication Technology (ICT) tools for strengthening TB surveillance.
The implementation of National Strategic Plan for TB Elimination (NSP 2017-25) has started in January 2017 and the funds allocated for FY 2018-19 is Rs.2770.91 Crore which includes funds for cash transfers and social welfare schemes.
Rashtriya Arogya Nidhi
(GS2: Welfare schemes for the vulnerable sections of the population)
Issue: The scheme Rashtriya Arogya Nidhi (RAN) is under implementation in the country.
The Rashtriya Arogya Nidhi (RAN) has been set up vide Resolution No. F-7-2/96-Fin-II dated 13/1/1997 and registered under the Societies Registration Act, 1860, as a Society. The RAN was set up to provide financial assistance to patients, living below poverty line and who are suffering from major life threatening diseases, to receive medical treatment at any of the super speciality Hospitals/Institutes or other Government hospitals. The financial assistance to such patients is released in the form of ‘one-time grant’, which is released to the Medical Superintendent of the Hospital in which the treatment has been/is being received.
This fund is managed by the Ministry of Health and Family welfare
National Centre for Disease Control
(GS2: Issues related to health)
Issue: The mandate of the Institute broadly covers three areas viz. Services, Trained Healthcare Manpower Development and Research in communicable diseases, their prevention and control using a multi-disciplinary integrated approach. The institute is expected to provide expertise to the States and Union territories (UTs) on rapid health assessment and laboratory based diagnostic services. Surveillance of communicable diseases and outbreak investigations also formed a part of its activities. The institute is also entrusted with the task of developing reliable and cost-effective rapid diagnostic tools which could be effectively applied in field for control of communicable diseases. Details of the health programmes being run under the National Centre for Disease Control in the country are as under:
- Integrated Disease Surveillance Programme (IDSP)
- National Programme for Containment of Anti-Microbial Resistance
- National Viral Hepatitis Surveillance Programme
- Strengthening Inter-sectoral coordination for prevention and control of Zoonotic Diseases of Public Health Importance (ISC)
- National Rabies control programme (NRCP)
- Programme for prevention and control of Leptospirosis (PPCL)
- Yaws Eradication Programme
- Guinea Worm Eradication Programme
(GS2: Issues related to Education)
Issue: NITI Aayog will release comprehensive roadmaps and detailed timelines for its initiative ‘Sustainable Action for Transforming Human Capital in Education (SATH-E)’ project at NITI Aayog tomorrow on Saturday, March 17.
These roadmaps, which operate between 2018 to 2020, lay out detailed interventions which will taken by the three participating States- Jharkand, Madhya Pradesh and Odisha – aiming to become ‘Role Model States’ in school education. These roadmaps present the first-of-its-kind, customized, action-oriented programmes, outlining interventions at the individual, district and State level.
About NITI Ayog
The National Institution for Transforming India, also called NITI Aayog, was formed via a resolution of the Union Cabinet on January 1, 2015. NITI Aayog is the premier policy ‘Think Tank’ of the Government of India, providing both directional and policy inputs. While designing strategic and long term policies and programmes for the Government of India, NITI Aayog also provides relevant technical advice to the Centre and States.
The Government of India, in keeping with its reform agenda, constituted the NITI Aayog to replace the Planning Commission instituted in 1950. This was done in order to better serve the needs and aspirations of the people of India. An important evolutionary change from the past, NITI Aayog acts as the quintessential platform of the Government of India to bring States to act together in national interest, and thereby fosters Cooperative Federalism.
At the core of NITI Aayog’s creation are two hubs – Team India Hub and the Knowledge and Innovation Hub. The Team India Hub leads the engagement of states with the Central government, while the Knowledge and Innovation Hub builds NITI’s think-tank capabilities. These hubs reflect the two key tasks of the Aayog.
NITI Aayog is also developing itself as a State of the Art Resource Centre, with the necessary resources, knowledge and skills, that will enable it to act with speed, promote research and innovation, provide strategic policy vision for the government, and deal with contingent issues.
The chairman of NITI Ayog is Prime Minister of India