14th May, 2018-IAS Current Affairs
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Government to link 200 more mandis to eNAM this fiscal: Agriculture secretary
1. Union Government is going to link additional 200 wholesale mandis to online trading platform eNAM (electronic National Agriculture Market) this fiscal (2018-19) and also encourage inter-mandi transactions
2. At present, 585 regulated mandis in 14 states are linked with the electronic National Agriculture Market (eNAM) launched in April 2016.
3. So far, 73.50 lakh farmers, 53,163 commission agents and over 1 lakh traders are registered on the eNAM platform from 14 states.
4. Government is ensuring that all wholesale agri-mandis adopt online auction and gradually allow trading between mandis in state and eventually between mandis outside states, thereby setting up single national agriculture market for benefit of farmers
5. The 14 states include Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Uttar Pradesh and Uttarkhand.
1. eNAM is pan-India electronic trading portal for farm produce which aims creates unified national market for agricultural commodities by integrating existing Agriculture Produce Market Committee (APMC) markets.
2. It provides single window service for all APMC related services and information, such as commodity arrivals and prices, provision for responding to trade offers, buy and sell trade offers, among other services. It was launched in April 2016
3. It is being implemented in different phases to integrate 585 regulated markets across country with common e-market platform by March 2018
4. Small Farmers’ Agribusiness Consortium (SFAC) is the lead promoter of eNAM. On this platform, farmers can showcase their produce online from their nearest market and traders can quote price from anywhere. It aims to foster greater competition among traders and also ensure open price discovery and better returns to farmers
UNDP to set up skill development centre in Hyderabad
(GS-2 Governance, prelims)
News- 1.The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) would soon be setting up a skill development centre at ‘Bharosa,’ an integrated support centre for distressed women and children in Hyderabad, Telangana.
2. The centre would be aimed at empowering vulnerable and marginalised women by imparting skills training.
* ‘Bharosa,’ is a state-of-the-art centre set up by the Hyderabad City Police to support women and children who are victims of violence.
* Since its establishment in 2016, a total of 3,560 victims have approached the centre with a range of problems.
* Among these, over 2,600 victims have sought aid with regard to domestic violence.
* The UNDP has proposed to set up a skill development centre exclusively for the clients of Bharosa.
* The necessary arrangements for setting up of the centre are already underway and it would start in the next two-three months.
* The consultations with agencies that provide training are also underway. The training duration will vary on the basis of the kind of skill imparted.
* The Bharosa centre provides 24×7 services related to police, medical, legal, prosecution, psycho-therapeutic counselling and relief and rehabilitation services in completely private counseling rooms to maintain confidentiality and privacy.
* The centre is equipped with well-trained staff and modern gadgets, including facilities like video conferencing so that the victims need not go to the court.
1. The United Nations Development Programme(UNDP) is the United Nations global development network headquartered at new York
2. UNDP advocates for change and connects countries to knowledge, experience and resources to help people build a better life.
3. The UNDP Administrator is the third highest-ranking official of the United Nations after the United Nations Secretary-Generaland Deputy Secretary-General.
4. UNDP is funded entirely by voluntary contributions from member nations. The organization operates in 177 countries, where it works with local governments to meet development challenges and develop local capacity.
Telangana govt. launches rs 8,000/Acre investment support scheme for farmers
First-of-its kind investment support scheme for farmers in Telangana: The Rythu Bandhu scheme
1. Farmers will get Rs 8,000 per acre every year as crop investment support
2. About 58 lakh farmers who till over 1.42 crore acres are expected to be benefitted from the initiative
More about the scheme
1. Farmers will directly get the financial support twice every year to maximize agricultural production and productivity
2. The financial assistance will be for two crops each year
3. The state government has already set aside Rs 12,000 crore in the 2018-19 budget exclusively for this scheme
Other efforts done by the state government
1. As a proof of ownership, Rao also distributed ‘pattadar’ passbook among farmers. Land title documents were prepared after a comprehensive land survey
2. He pointed out that the survey identified 1.42 crore acres as cultivable land in the state
3. For seamless implementation of various agriculture-related schemes, land records have been updated and digitized
(GS-2 welfare, prelims)
In News –Study says poverty fell from 55% to 21% in a decade, mainly due to lowered burden in southern states
1. A paper titled ‘Estimates of Multidimensional Poverty in India: Evidence from National Family Health Survey-4 (2015-2016)’ reveals the reason for significant reason for Multidimensional Poverty drop.
2. The poverty levels fell from 55% to 21% in a decade and it is deu to the lowered burden in the southern States.
3. MDP is an international measure of acute poverty based on three key categories — health, education and living standards.
4. The national average is 21% whereas in the five southern States (Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Telangana and Andhra Pradesh) the average MDP is 9%.
5. Bihar is the poorest State with 43% incidence of poverty.
6. Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Odisha, Madhya Pradesh and Assam are above the national average (21%).
7. Chhattisgarh, which is affected by Left Wing insurgency, has done well, bringing down its poverty level from 71% to 22%.
Govt. set to expand Buddhist tourism circuit to 21 more states
Expansion of Buddhist Circuit
1. Earlier envisaged by the government as mainly comprising seven major Buddhist pilgrimage sites, in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar, the ‘Buddhist Circuit’ will now be expanded to 21 other states.
2. The Ministry of Tourism has identified stupas and viharas in these states, around which small intra-state Buddhist zones will be developed
3. These include states of Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan, Kerala, West Bengal, Goa, Gujarat and Jammu & Kashmir
4. Under the Ministry’s Swadesh Darshan scheme, the development of Sanchi, Satna, Rewa, Mandsaur, and Dhar. will be carried out
India’s first trans-national tourist circuit
1. The Buddhist circuit is being imagined as India’s first trans-national tourist circuit, with efforts to promote tourism starting from Lumbini in Nepal, where Buddha was born, to the sites in India he traversed, including Bodh Gaya, Sarnath, Kushinagar, Rajgir, Vaishali, Sravasti and Sankasia (in UP and Bihar)
2. The Tourism ministry is also in talks with the World Bank and the Japanese government for funding of infrastructure projects connected with these sites
3. The ministry also plans to involve the private sector in building tourism infrastructure pertaining to the circuit
4. Under the plan, Sarnath would be made the hub of Buddhist tourismin India and connected to other sites through air, rail and road transport
Adopt a Heritage Scheme
What is Adopt a Heritage scheme?
1. It is an initiative of the Ministry of Tourism, in collaboration with the Ministry of Culture and the Archaeological Survey of India.
2. Under the scheme government invites entities, including public sector companies, private sector firms as well as individuals, to develop selected monuments and heritage and tourist sites across India.
3. Development of these tourist sites calls for providing and maintaining basic amenities, including drinking water, ease of access for the differently abled and senior citizens, standardized signage, cleanliness, public conveniences, etc.
How the scheme works?
1. The sites/monument for this scheme will be selected on the basis of tourist footfall and visibility and can be adopted by private and public sector companies and individuals known as Monument Mitras for an initial period of five years.
2. The Monument Mitras are selected by the ‘oversight and vision committee,’ co-chaired by the Tourism Secretary and the Culture Secretary.
3. There is no financial bid involved and the corporate sector is expected to use corporate social responsibility (CSR) funds for the upkeep of the site.
4. The Monument Mitras, in turn, will get limited visibility on the site premises and on the Incredible India website.
5. The oversight committee also has the power to terminate a memorandum of understanding in case of non-compliance or non-performance.
1. The government looks forward that the scheme would help to increase tourist footfall and improve the infrastructure around the monument.
2. So far, 31 agencies or Monument Mitras have been approved to adopt 95 monuments/tourist sites.
3. MoUs has been signed for adopting Mt. Stok Kangri (in Ladakh), Trail to Gaumukh, (in Uttarakhand), Red Fort (in Delhi) and the Gandikota Fort (in Andhra Pradesh).
4. This is a pretty small list, as the ASI protects 3,686 ancient monuments and archaeological sites, including 36 world heritage sites.
5. Union government further intends to expand the ‘Adopt a Heritage’ scheme.
1. In Uttra Pradesh, Bijnor district, Pahuli village has emerged as a hotspot of hepatitis C infection.
2. Hepatitis C is caused by Hepatitis C virus (HCV) that affects the liver.
3. It has the same mode of transmission as HIV, spreading through blood, injecting drugs, blood transfusion and sexual activity, and from mother to child during pregnancy.
4. The Central government estimates that about 1.2 crore people are positive for hepatitis C in the country.
5. The estimate is six times the number of people living with HIV/AIDS.
6. Viral infections of the liver that are classified as hepatitis include hepatitis A, B, C, D, and E.
Nepal to host 2018 BIMSTEC summit
In news –1. Nepal is going to host 2018 Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC) summit
2. It was announced by Nepal’s Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli during his meeting with Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi in Kathmandu.
1. The Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation(BIMSTEC) is an international organisation of seven nations of south asia and sout east asia
3. The main objective of BIMSTEC is technological, economic cooperation investment, technology, tourism, human resource development, agriculture, fisheries, transport and communication, textiles, leather etc.
4. BIMSTEC Permanent Secretariatis at Dhaka was opened in 2014 and India provides 33% (65% of region’s population) of its expenditure.
Research on Stalagmite
(GS-3 environment, prelims)
1. Physical Research Laboratory (PRL), Ahmadabad analyzed bits of a stalagmite from Kotumsar cave in Central India.
2. The analysis has revealed variations of the Indian summer monsoon over some 3,000 years, starting from 8,500 years ago to 5,600 years ago.
3. The Kotumsar cave is 35 metres below ground level and located in the Kanger Valley National Park of Chhattisgarh.
4. The stalagmite in this region is formed by slow dissolution of the Kanger limestone by water from the Indian summer monsoon.
5. Stalagmite and Stalactite are elongated forms of various minerals deposited from solution by slowly dripping water.
6. The analysis also studied the Speleothems which are rocks that were formed in caves over several years by the deposition of water from monsoon.
7. They hold records of seasonal variation and help in understanding Paleoclimate.