48. Mains Question- Oct 19, 2018
What is ‘Ramsar convention’? Explain its salient features. (150 words)
- Theme of the question: Ramsar convention and its salient features
- Fact based question. No need of any analysis. Address the main theme of the question by providing relevant details
- The Ramsar Convention on Wetlands of International Importance especially as Waterfowl Habitat is an international treaty for the conservation and sustainable use of wetlands. It is also known as the Convention on Wetlands. It is named after the city of Ramsar in Iran, where the Convention was signed in 1971. India is also a signatory to the pact
- Salient features of the pact include:
- Wise use of wetlands: There is a general obligation for the Parties to include wetland conservation considerations in their national land-use planning. They have committed themselves to implement this planning so as to promote as far as possible “the wise use of wetlands in their territory”. The wise use of wetlands is defined as “the maintenance of their ecological character, achieved through the implementation of ecosystem approaches, within the context of sustainable development”.
- The List of Wetlands of International Importance: Another commitment is for a Party to designate at least one wetland at the time of accession for inclusion in the “Ramsar List” and promote its conservation, and in addition to continue to “designate suitable wetlands within its territory” for the List.
- International cooperation: Contracting parties agree to consult with other Contracting Parties about implementation of the Convention, especially in regard to trans-boundary wetlands, shared water systems and shared species.