Common Law Admission Test
For UG Courses:
What we teach?
|1||English including Comprehension|
|2||General Knowledge and Current Affairs|
|3||Elementary Mathematics (Numerical Ability)|
|Subjects||Number of Questions||Maximum Marks|
|English including Comprehension||40 Questions||40 Marks|
|General Knowledge and Current Affairs||50 Questions||50 Marks|
|Elementary Mathematics (Numerical Ability)||20 Questions||20 Marks|
|Legal Aptitude||50 Questions||50 Marks|
|Logical Reasoning||40 Questions||40 Marks|
|Total||200 Questions||200 Marks|
Jnanagangothri offers teaching in THREE different formats
|Sr no.||Course Format||For Whom?||Schedule of Classes|
|1||1 Year Programme||Aspirants who are already
in the beginning 12th
|Every Saturday and Sunday including additional classes
during non exam time (PUC) vacations and govt. holidays.
|2||2 Year Programme||Aspirants who start their
preparation soon after SSLC.
|Every Saturday and Sunday|
|3||Fastrack Course||For all Aspirants||Two months before the actual exam classes
will be held everyday to boost
your preparation till the last minute.
Live classes by subject experts
- Tailor made study material of entire syllabus
- Previous years Question papers Discussion
- Online and offline mock Examinations.
- Individual attention and mentoring
FAQ of CLAT
Q1. What is CLAT?
ANS. CLAT (Common Law Admission Test) is a non-statutory body created under a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for the convenience of the students seeking admission to various National Law Universities in the country. An entrance test is conducted to provide a list of candidates on the basis of ‘merit-cum-preference’ to each University for admission to their UG/PG programs, as per the eligibility, reservation and other criteria laid down under the respective statutes of the participating Universities. The Common Law Admission Test (CLAT), is an all India entrance examination, conducted on rotation by 17 National Law Universities (NLUs) for admissions to their Under-Graduate and Post-Graduate degree programs.
Q2. Who conducts CLAT?
ANS. The first CLAT Core Committee consisting of Vice-Chancellors of participating NLUs had decided that the test should be conducted by rotation in the order of their establishment. The first CLAT exam was conducted by NLSIU Bangalore in 2008, the ninth Common Law Admission Test (CLAT 2018) shall be conducted by Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law, Punjab.
Q3. How to apply for CLAT?
ANS. Online forms are available on clat.ac.in from 1st January 2018 onwards. Normally forms are available in hard copy and online, however for the 2018 CLAT, forms will be available online only.
Q4. What is the Eligibility criterion for CLAT?
ANS. Eligibility Criteria for Appearing in CLAT-2018
For U G Program
- Passed 10+2 or equivalent examination with the minimum of: -
(a) Forty-five percent (45%) marks in case of candidates belonging to Unreserved/OBC/ (Specially Abled Persons) Categories and
(b) Forty percent (40%) marks in case of candidates belonging to SC/ST Category
- Candidates who are appearing in the qualifying examination in April/May 2018 are also eligible for appearing in CLAT-2018 examination. However, they shall be required to produce an evidence of their passing the qualifying examination at the time of admission, failing which they shall lose their right to be considered for admission.
- No upper age limit is prescribed for appearing in CLAT-2018. *
* Bar Council of India has come with a new circular which prescribed that, as per the clause 28 of the legal education rules 2008, the maximum age for seeking admission in the 5 years integrated program is 20 years. But this not finalized yet.
For P G Programme
- LL.B. or equivalent degree in law examination with a minimum of 55% marks in case of Unreserved/OBC/ (Especially abled persons) categories and 50% marks in case of SC/ST category
- Candidates who are appearing in the qualifying examination in March/April 2018 are also eligible for appearing in CLAT-2018 examination. However, they shall be required to produce evidence of their passing the qualifying examination in the respective National Law Universities at the time of admission failing which they shall lose their right to be considered for admission.
- No upper age limit is prescribed for appearing in CLAT-2018
Q5. Which are the Law Schools Participating in CLAT?
ANS. 1. National Law School of India University, Bangalore (NLSIU)
2. National Academy of Legal Study and Research University of Law, Hyderabad (NALSAR)
3. The National Law Institute University, Bhopal(NLIU)
4. The West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences, Kolkata (WBNUJS)
5. National Law University, Jodhpur (NLUJ)
6. Hidayatullah National Law University, Raipur (HNLU)
7. Gujarat National Law University, Gandhinagar (GNLU)
8. Dr. Ram Manohar Lohiya National Law University, Lucknow (RMLNLU)
9. Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law, Punjab (RGNUL)
10. Chanakya National Law University, Patna (CNLU)
11. The National University of Advanced Legal Studies, Kochi (NUALS)
12. National Law University Odisha, Cuttack (NLUO)
13. National University of Study and Research in Law, Ranchi (NUSRL)
14. National Law University and Judicial Academy, Assam (NLUJAA)
15. Damodaram Sanjivayya National Law University, Visakhapatnam (DSNLU)
16. Tamil Nadu National Law School, Tiruchirappalli (TNNLS)
17. Maharashtra National Law University, Mumbai (MNLU)
Q6. How many seats are available in the law schools participating in CLAT?
ANS. The details of seats as per CLAT 2018 information brochure is as below:
1. NLSIU, Bangalore - TOTAL 80 - General 55, SC 12, ST 6, PWD 2, Foreign National 5
2. NALSAR, Hyderabad - TOTAL 99 - General 65, SC 13, ST 6, Foreign National 15, State Domicile 28
3. NLIU, Bhopal - TOTAL 120 - General 68, SC 8, ST 4, NRI/NRI Sponsored 18, J&K residents- 2, State Domicile 54
4. WBNUJS, Kolkata - TOTAL 125 - General 74, SC 13, ST 7, PWD 2, NRI/NRI Sponsored 18, J&K residents- 2 Foreign National 4, State Domicile- 10
5. NLUJ, Jodhpur - TOTAL 115 - General 77, SC 15, ST 8, NRI/NRI Sponsored 15, PWD 2, State Domicile 80
6. HNLU, Raipur - TOTAL 180 - General 62, SC 12, ST 6, PWD 2, NRI/NRI Sponsored 16, Foreign National 4, State Domicile 80
7. GNLU, Gandhinagar - TOTAL 180 - General 115, SC 27, ST 14, PWD 5, NRI/NRI Sponsored 17, Foreign National 6, State Domicile 44
8. RMLNLU, Lucknow - TOTAL 160 - General 80, State Domicile 80, NRI/NRI sponsored
9. RGNUL, Patiala - TOTAL 175 - General 133, SC 27, ST 14, PWD 4, Foreign National 5, State Domicile 18
10. CNLU, Patna - TOTAL 120 - General 60, NRI/NRI Sponsored / Foreign National 20, State Domicile 60
11. NUALS, Kochi - TOTAL 120 - General 33, PWD 2, NRI Sponsored 12, Foreign National 4, State Domicile 29
12. NLUO, Orissa - TOTAL 159 - General 78, SC 10, ST 14, PWD 4, NRI/NRI Sponsored 10, Foreign National 4
13. NUSRL, Ranchi - TOTAL 120 - General 24, SC 8, ST 4, OBC 14, State Domicile 50
14. NLUJA, Assam - TOTAL 60 - General 30, SC 4, ST 9, PWD 2, State Domicile 15
15. DSNLU , Vishakhapatnam – Total 132, General 12, State Domicile 120
16. TNNLS, Tiruchirapalli – Total 180, General 70, SC 14, ST 6, State Domicile 90
17. MNLU, Mumbai – Total-50, General 25, SC 7, ST 3, OBC 9
Q7. When is CLAT scheduled for?
ANS. The scheduled date of Common Law Admission Test 2018 is May, 2018.
Q8. What is the question paper pattern for CLAT Exams?
ANS. Pattern for CLAT exam as below:
For every wrong answer there is negative marking of 0.25 marks.
In case of equal marks secured by candidates, the procedure to break the tie will be as per the following order:
(i) Higher marks in the section of legal aptitude in CLAT-2018
(ii) Higher age
(iii) Computerized draw of lots
Q9. What is the syllabus for CLAT?
ANS. Syllabus for CLAT exam as below:
Scope and coverage of questions under different subject areas:
1. English including comprehension-
The English section will test the candidates' proficiency in English based on comprehension passages and grammar. In the comprehension section, candidates will be questioned on their understanding of the passage and its central theme, meanings of words used therein etc. The grammar section requires correction of incorrect grammatical sentences, filling of blanks in sentences with appropriate words, etc.
2. General Knowledge and Currents Affairs-
As far as general knowledge is concerned; the candidates will be tested on their general awareness including static general knowledge. Questions on current affairs will test candidates on their knowledge of current affairs.
This section will test candidate's knowledge on elementary mathematics, i.e. maths taught up to Class X.
4. Legal Aptitude-
This section will test candidate's interest towards study of law, research aptitude and problem solving ability. Questions will be framed with the help of legal propositions (described in the paper), and a set of facts to which the said proposition has to be applied. Some propositions may not be "true" in the real sense (e.g. the legal proposition may be that any person who speaks in a movie hall and disturbs others that are watching the movie will be banned from entering any movie theatre across India for one year). Candidates will have to assume the "truth" of these propositions and answer the questions accordingly.
5. Logical Reasoning-
The purpose of the logical reasoning section is to test the candidate's ability to identify patterns, logical links and rectify illogical arguments. It will include a wide variety of logical reasoning questions such as syllogisms, logical sequences, analogies, etc. However, visual reasoning will not be tested.
Q10. Will CLAT have Negative marking?
ANS. Yes, the CLAT exam, has a system of Negative Marking, wherein 0.25 mark will be deducted for each of the wrong answers.
Q11.How should I prepare for CLAT?
ANS. The preparation of CLAT is very exhaustive. Over the years due to the increase in the number of students opting for the exam, the level of competition has increased considerably. Due to the factors of competition and open syllabus, most students prefer to prepare under proper guidance. There are various preparation courses spanning from 2 years’ preparation to 1 year and even 1.5 months. As much as possible if a student is serious for Law as a career and desirous of joining a Top Law university it is better to do in depth preparation. Long term preparation programs are better as they help to pace oneself to do in depth preparation. Having said that it is not that the intensive course does not have students securing top ranks, it's just that the academic pressure is considerably more.
One of the main aspects that would help you to prepare for the exam is to develop a habit of maintaining notes related to current affairs. The Static General Knowledge requires relevant material in History, Geography, Economics and General Sciences, and a proper understanding of basic legal concepts and legal reasoning along with basic and advanced concepts of Analytical and critical reasoning. Quantitative aptitudes consisting of Class X level concepts are required. All the mentioned sections should be practiced keeping in mind the time constraints. The CLAT exam does not have any structured syllabi to adhere to making it all though more challenging!
Q12. Where can I obtain a CLAT Information Brochure?
ANS. The CLAT Information Brochure can be downloaded from the CLAT website (clat.ac.in) as well as the websites of the members of the National Law Universities.
Q13. Where do I get the application form?
ANS. For the year 2018, the Application Forms and Information Brochure were available in designated State Bank of India branches or were also available online from 1st January 2018 onwards.
Q14. Do I have to separately purchase Application Form?
ANS. No, normally it is provided with the information brochure.
Q15. What is the cost of CLAT-2018 Application Form and Information Brochure?
ANS. Processing charges for online application for CLAT-2018 for UR/OBC/SAP candidates are Rs. 4,000/- and for SC/ST candidates Rs. 3,500/-.
Q16. Do I also need to purchase Information Brochure of member National Law Universities separately?
ANS. No, there is only one common Information Brochure for CLAT exam for all the 14 universities.
Q17. Where can I find more information regarding courses offered by various National Law Universities?
ANS. All the National Law Universities have their own websites which give detailed and updated information about the courses available.
Q18. Are foreign nationals required to take CLAT for admission to any of the National Law Universities?
ANS. Taking the CLAT exam is not permitted for Foreign Nationals. By visiting the websites of the respective NLUs of interest, you can clarify your doubts relating to the procedure of admission. Normally the admission procedure for foreign nationals by the NLUs which have the respective seats, are directly on the basis of their performance in the qualifying examination, academic record and their overall command over the English language.
Q19. Is there any specific Performa to send request for an application form to CLAT Convenor or just a simple application in writing would suffice?
ANS. There is no requirement for sending any request for those falling under the General Category for admission, in fact the procedures for application forms are clearly outlined on the CLAT website and they are easily available. Foreign Nationals need to apply directly to the University in the prescribed format available on the respective National Law University's own Website along with the supporting documents to the Registrar before the prescribed date. For further details, they can contact the registrar of the respective university.
Q20. What are the entrance exams one needs to take to get admission to the top Law colleges?
ANS. Depending on the preferences the main exams in question here are the following: CLAT, AILET, IP CET (LAW), SET, LSAT, Christ College and ULSAT.
Q21. Which are the top law colleges in India? What is the admission/eligibility criterion for these colleges?
ANS. Though there are many sources that provide the ranking of law colleges, but the information provided by them is not reliable as most of the information provided in this context is based on data provided by people which do not even belong to the legal education sector of India. Historically NLSUI Bangalore is considered the most reputed followed by NALSAR Hyderabad, WBNUJS Kolkata, NLU Jodhpur, NLU Bhopal, GNLU and HNLU Raipur. The law university in Lucknow, Patiala and Orissa are the other ones which are coming up very formidably. NLU Delhi is fast becoming one of the most sought after colleges for law and as such is progressing to become one of the most reputed colleges for pursuing law in the country.
Top law colleges in India are as below:
1. National Academy of Legal Studies and Research University, (NALSAR)
2. National Law School of India University (NLSIU)
3. Campus Law Centre, University of Delhi
4. The W.B. National University of Juridical Sciences (NUJS) West Bengal
5. National Law Institute University (NLIU) Bhopal
6. Gujarat National Law University Gujarat
7. Symbiosis Society's Law College Pune
8. National Law Institute University Jodhphur
9. I.L.S. Law College Pune
10. Faculty of Law, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh
11. Faculty of Law, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi
12. Amity Law School, Noida
13. Christ College of Law, Bangalore
14. Government Law College Mumbai
15. Army Institute of Law (AIL) Mohali
16. University College of Law, Bangalore University Bangalore
17. School of Legal Studies, Cochin University of Science and Technology, Kochi
18. Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law (RGNUL) Patiala
19. Tamilnadu Dr. Ambedkar Law University, Chennai
20. Faculty of Law, Jamia Millia Islmia, Delhi
21. Faculty of Law, Osmania University, Hyderabad
22. Faculty of Law, ICFAI University (ICFAI Law School) Dehradun
23. National University of Advanced Legal Studies, Kochi
24. Bangalore Institute of Legal Studies, Bangalore
25. Faculty of Law, University of Kolkata, Kolkata
(Source: India Today Survey, 2013)
The admission/eligibility criteria are different for every law colleges based on the specific law college and available on specific law college website.
Q22. What are the courses that graduates can opt for to become a lawyer?
ANS. Various colleges offer the 3 year LLB course. The most reputed amongst them being the Delhi University Campus Law Centre, Punjab University Department of Law Chandigarh, Banaras Hindu University
Q23. Can I apply for admission to all the National Law Universities in India through CLAT?
ANS. The admission to 17 National Law Universities is through CLAT, whereas the admission to NLU Delhi is through the AILET exam.
Q24. What is domicile?
ANS. Some NLUs have reserved seats under State domicile quota, besides general seats for students who are from that particular state. The domicile requirement is different in different states.
The general criteria for admission under reserved domicile quota are as below:
- A candidate should be a Resident Student of particular state, and should have passed the qualifying examination from any educational institution of particular state and should secure appropriate rank in order of merit in the Common Law Admission Test.
- A student who or any one of his parents has resided in the particular state for a period of at least four years.
- A student who has studied in any one of the educational institutions in the particular state for a period of not less than four years leading to the qualifying examinations.
The seats under NRI / NRI Sponsored Category in all the participating universities except WBNUJS, Kolkata, West Bengal, shall be filled by the concerned Universities independently on the basis of CLAT merit and not through CLAT office. The candidates are advised to contact the concerned University directly for admission formalities, eligibility, documents required and other related queries for seeking admission under NRI / NRI sponsored category.
The detailed information regarding admission under NRI / NRI Sponsored Category in WBNUJS, Kolkata, (West Bengal) is mentioned here under:
1. Seats: UG – 17; PG – NIL
2. Through CLAT Office: CLAT Office shall issue the list of students eligible for taking admission under this category.
3. Documents required at the time of admission:
NRI – i. CCopy of Valid Indian Passport of the Student, ii. Copy of Visas obtained in the last 12 months, and iii. Certificate from the local embassy stating that the person is a NRI/OCI or PIO Card NRI Sponsored: i. Copy of Valid Indian Passport of the Sponsor, ii. Copy of Visas obtained in the last 12 months by the Sponsor, iii. Certificate from the local embassy stating that the Sponsor is a NRI/ OCI or PIO Card, and iv. An affidavit by the sponsor indicating the interest shown in the education affairs of the student and willingness to fund the education of student over the next 5 years.
4. Who can be a sponsor for the NRI Sponsored Students: a) The person who sponsors the student for admission shall be a first degree relation of the student and shall be ordinarily residing abroad as a Non Resident Indian; OR b) If the student has no parents or near relatives or taken as a ward by some other nearest relative, such students also may be considered for admission provided the guardian has bona fide treated the student as a ward and such guardian shall file and affidavit indicating the interest shown in the education affairs of the student and also his/her relationship with the student and such person also shall be Non Resident Indian and ordinarily residing abroad.
Q25. For the purpose of the category of "Sons or daughters of defence personnel deployed in UP or defence personnel of UP either retired or killed or disabled in action", does defence personnel include personnel belonging to Paramilitary Forces?
ANS. No, the defence personnel do not include personnel belongings to the paramilitary forces.
Q26. Are Foreign Nationals required to take CLAT for admission to any of the National Law Universities?
ANS. No, for admission, the Foreign Nationals will have to apply directly to the specific University.
Q27. Do I need to send the certificates along with Application Form?
ANS. The relevant certificates/documents in support of one's claim for admission are not to be submitted along with the Application Form. The original certificates/documents (as indicated in the OMR Application Form and specified in the CLAT Information Brochure) issued by competent authority are to be submitted to the allotted University/Institute only at the time of admission.
Q28. Can I upload the passport photograph and digital copy of my signature shot with mobile phone camera?
ANS. The photograph and digital copy of signature may be shot with mobile phone camera, but the size of photograph and digital signature is required in prescribed/specific size/format.
Q29. After filing the online application, do I have to send the printout of the filled-in Application Form along with certificates/documents?
ANS. No, after filing the online application, it is not required to send the printout of the filled-in Application Form along with certificates/documents for CLAT.
Q30. Can I change my preferences for Test Centres and Universities after submitting the Application Form?
ANS. No, it is only possible, if you re-submit a new form.
Q31. What is the difference between candidates belonging to Provisional Allotment List and Waiting List?
ANS. The university-wise preference obtained from the candidates through OMR Application Form and their CLAT Score and Rank will be taken into consideration to prepare the Provisional Allotment List based on merit-cum-preference.
A long list of wait-listed candidates (comprising around 20% of the total number of seats in all the 14 NLUs) will be issued along with the Provisional Allotment List. The comprehensive list of wait-listed candidates will be prepared by drawing candidates proportionately from various categories such as General / SC / ST / OBC / Women / PWD / FFD / NRI etc. Both from the All India as well as State (Domicile) Merit Lists
Q32. During the process of allotment of seats made through various lists based on preference-cum-merit, can I forego my claim for the next higher preference for a University and stay with and take admission in the University allotted already?
ANS. If a candidate at any stage of the allotment process wants to forego his claim for the next higher preference and wants to stay with and take admission in the allotted University/Institute, he/she will be given the option to do so; but only once. To exercise this option, the candidate will have to apply through email (firstname.lastname@example.org) to the Convener, CLAT, within the prescribed time limit. However, this option exercised once by the candidate will be treated as final and irrevocable, and the candidate will be deemed to have been admitted in the University opted as such by him/her.
Q33. What is NRI/NRI Sponsored?
ANS. Some National Law Universities offer General and NRI/NRI sponsored seats. WBNUJS, NLU Bhopal, HNLU Raipur, NLUO Cuttack, CNLU Patna and GNLU Gandhinagar are the universities which offer this facility. Some of the Universities (CNLU Patna, NLUO Cuttack and GNLU) admit the NRI candidates directly whereas others will do it through CLAT. Please carefully read the information provided by the participating NLUs on the subject in the CLAT Information Brochure and on the CLAT website. Anyone can apply through the NRI sponsored category if they have sponsorship from a relative overseas.
As per the Ministry of Home Affairs (Government of India) guidelines, Overseas Citizenship of India (OCI) Card holders are entitled to the benefit of "Parity with Non-Resident Indians (NRIs) in respect of economic, financial and educational fields except in relation to acquisition of agricultural or plantation properties. No parity shall be allowed in the sphere of political rights." Accordingly, the OCI card holders will be eligible for admission under the NRI seats available in some of the member National Law Universities.
Only Indian nationals/NRIs are allowed to appear in the CLAT. Foreign nationals are not permitted to appear in CLAT. The foreign nationals desirous of taking admission to any course in any of the participating Law Universities may directly contact the concerned University having seats for foreign nationals. For details relating to the definition of NRI/NRI sponsored candidates and the number of seats available for them, please see the information provided by the participating NLUs in their respective websites.