Infertility is a real problem for many couples. It leads to divorces and severe psychological problems. Infertile couples often face with the problem of a limited choice– to adopt some child. Having gone through a long fail treatment and many medical institutions, having tried all the traditional and non-traditional methods, without any effect, infertile couple feels mistrust to other people and loses hope to get success. Such couples often apply to surrogacy.
Surrogacy is unique chance for childless partners to give a birth to their own child, an assisted reproductive technology that assume another woman’s unforced agreement to get pregnant with an aim to carry and deliver a child that is not biologically her own and will be fostered by other people – its genetic parents. These people will be legally considered as the parents of this child.
When the amount of failed IVF attempts exceeded, doctors carried out transferring of the eight-sell embryo that was successfully adopted .A well-known person Louise Brown, the first “test-tube baby” was born. 8 years later the first case of the complete surrogacy in which a child was carried and born by a woman who was not its biological mother, was registered. Noel Keane founded the world’s first agency for surrogacy.
There are many moral, ethical and religious disputes arising over the issue because of which the national legislation of the developed countries restricts surrogacy. In some countries it’s prohibited completely, in others it’s partially restricted. It’s common knowledge that religious leaders have a negative attitude to surrogacy. The science and religion have never got along and especially in this issue.
Politicians and priests are not alone in their constant arguing about surrogacy. There are cases when the surrogate mother refuses to deliver a carried child to individuals whose genetic materials were used in the process of conceiving. It depends on the legislative system of a country whether this child will stay with its surrogate mother.
When it is due to give child to genetic parents, it would be a difficult psychological problem for surrogate mother. But there are cases when women are involved in surrogacy programs repeatedly because of compensation. It is clear that not only surrogate mothers, but also biological parents overcome many psychological challenges. The process of conceiving and subsequent child carrying affects the normal rhythm of life, requires considerable material expenditures.
There are a lot of disputes about surrogacy. Surrogacy opponents believe that it turns children into some product. They argue that motherhood becomes a contract work and the desire for profits can prevail over concerns of good for both parties. Of course, proponents of surrogate mother’s use look at this practice quite differently. They denote that this method is the only one way for childless family, to get their child that will be genetically their own. They also note that such a procedure, allowing getting a desired child, does not differ from adoption much.
It’s possible to say with confidence that the “surrogacy program” solves the most important social problems and helps people who seem lost the hope to have their own children. Children who are born through surrogacy have been loved and expected. There is no doubt that these people are committing a feat, and they are worthy of admiration.
It is worth recalling that the problem of infertility existed at all times and among all people. Misunderstanding of others, a false sense of self-inferiority, depression, impossible dreams of their own child – all these problems were familiar to many, many women and even some men. The main way to solve the problem was, for a wonder, surrogacy.